The word “disability” refers to the huge diversity of conditions, counting deafness, mobility impairments, blindness, and mental retardation. The health professionals also treat the word to include learning troubles, mental diseases, for instance, autism, and long-term diseases - epilepsy, cancer, diabetes or even AIDS. Depending on what problems are appraised, calculations of the quantity of disabled US people range from thirty-five million to forty-three million. In the 1993 work “No Pity: People with Disabilities Forging a New Civil Rights Movement”, Joseph Shapiro asserts, “there are some thirty million black people in the country… Therefore, even at the lowest evaluation (of thirty-five million), disabled individuals could be ed the county’s major minority” (Shapiro 50-86). In this paper, I will depict my personal experience concerning the acquaintance with children with disabilities. And the thesis statement of my paper is: Disabled individuals should not need to fight for equal opportunity, but they do. Accordingly, they have successfully managed to create a basic change to the methods they have been thought about. Yet studies have demonstrated human beings with disabilities have to pass through lots of different troubles till they are accepted and still have more to conquer as the years pass.
Last year, my friend, who volunteered for SNF (Special Need’s Foundation), asked me to join her for a couple of days. She said it would be an unforgettable experience for me. And she was right. SNF is an organization where kids with special needs are trained to depend on themselves rather than other people. Kids with special needs may have slight educating disabilities or deep mental troubles; mere allergies or fatal illness. These problems damage families hard, and may make “special needs” seem like a disastrous term. Kids with the special needs had at all times been treated as an outsider in our society, where they are usually teased or laughed at. But, times have altered, and today, people have learnt to take up the disabled kids as one of the own kind.
In the Special Need’s Foundation, I met many special needs kids and had an opportunity to talk to a teenager who was mobility impaired. I remember how I asked him, “What do you think concerning all the stuff the representatives of the deaf community are talking about how you are better off just being disabled? In spite of everything, there are lots of things people learn being disabled.” And this young boy told me, “Yeah, I had an opportunity to learn a lot of things too from a handicap, but you know what? If I could walk, I would immediately throw this whole stuff in a hole.” This day was my first experience when I actually met and talked to a disabled person. It made me think about the problems and difficulties he has to overcome everyday.
The personal experience meeting disables children, talking to them, trying to assist them is invaluable. It has taught me to remember about discrimination and stereotypes. It also taught me not to judge other human beings. Today, I am aware of that there may be an original ground for drinking. This personal experience has led me into realizing that many of these issues are, in fact, caused by individual ethical weakening. People are all accountable for attitudes, which have been evolved. If we have ceased discriminating and promoted parity for all, then it would not be a dilemma in several years as the next generation would not be brought up with these opinions. By educating the youngsters in school, we may be capable to teach them all to be courteous.
Obstacles Experienced by Special Needs People
Disability quite usually becomes a taboo issue as many human beings are not confident how to behave or what to say when an individual with a problem is present. Quite usually people simply ignore the matter and talk to anyone but the special needs human being. These attitudes are not actually the outcome of purposeful meanness. They are based on “sympathy”; when a kid is disabled the reactions of compassion are directed not merely at the youngster but at his or her parents. This ends in the child being neglected rather than being treated as equivalent.
Today, there are various kinds of obstacles experienced by special needs people. The obstacles may be:
• Stereotypes and prejudice;
• Nonflexible organizational practices and procedures;
• Inaccessible data;
• Unreachable buildings;
• Unreachable transport.
It is worth acknowledgement language also creates an obstacle. Fears of the healthy people concerning “getting it wrong” are augmented by the fact speech is a lively process, and what used to be all right just several years ago, for instance, the word “handicapped”, is no longer satisfactory. Still, such a word is still satisfactory if it applies to the triumphant class of society; “the rich” does not get altered to “individual who possess riches.”
Disabling obstacles experienced in the past may carry on bearing an unpleasant impact nowadays. An instance of this may be people who attended separated schools, who may have obtained lower educational qualifications than non-disabled students, merely as the “special” school failed to provide them with the ideal curriculum. The obstacles have nothing to do with the special needs people’s limits; they are put there by human beings and may thus be removed.
Discrimination may happen in various ways. It may be:
• Physical attack of those who seem to be dissimilar;
• Oral mistreatment towards those who seem to be dissimilar;
• Excluding individuals from opportunities and activities;
• Avoiding individuals who seem to be dissimilar;
• Negative non-verbal announcements;
• Making assumptions and diminishing individuals who seem to be dissimilar.
Regulations Ceasing the Discrimination
Generally speaking, people with disabilities experience troubles stemming from the mental and physical injuries. Someone with a mental problem, for instance, may have trouble learning how to read or handle cash, whilst people with cerebral palsy can require assistance in dressing themselves. Nevertheless, special needs human beings must also cope with manmade barriers, which emerge from discrimination against the special needs people. For example, an individual who utilizes a wheelchair can be incapable to navigate a grocery store as the checkout passageways are extremely narrow or extremely high. Store clerks can reject to help a blind human being with finding an item or may simply overcharge mentally retarded clients. Since the 1960s, an increasing number of activists have struggled to conquer the limitations by strengthening law, which defends the rights of special needs people and by altering negative public attitudes concerning disabled.
There are two Acts that provide the means of strengthening the rights ceasing discrimination against disabled individuals: Disability Rights Commission Act 1999 and 1995 Disability Discrimination Act. The DDA aims to stop the discrimination, which special needs human beings face. The Act provides them with the rights in the spheres of:
- purchasing or renting land or any property;
- access to products, public organizations and services.
The 2001 Special Educational Needs and Disability Act covers all disabled pupils. It provides the right for students not to be discriminated in training, education, and any services provided for students. It covers people enrolled on courses, which are run by accountable bodies, this comprises higher education and 6th form colleges. SENDA 2001 includes non-educational and educational services, for instance, examinations, field trips, courses, and libraries (Henshaw 3-16). Whilst not too many people would assert that all aims are thrown off a course, critics argue the disability-rights association at times goes too far in attempts to remove the shame concerning disability. The most intense dispute between investigators and disability-rights activists is whether special needs should be treated as medical troubles to be corrected or as usual physical differences among human beings.
Disabled Children and Education
Each year, new disabilities emerge from nowhere. Autism and Dyslexia are a few of those mental problems, which are well-known today, though they have been discovered recently. These problems have various symptoms and mental outcomes. Some may say these problems appear due to the genetic troubles, and others believe this is an environmental issue. The administration supports the families with disabled kids to provide them with the correct treatment to therapeutic the kid. But the novel concept the administration is attempting to do is to incorporate special needs kids in usual schools, as there is no regulation, which prevents disabled youngsters from an access for the finest education. Thus, the response of the parents is opposing. The parents of normal kids are especially against this idea. Each young person is special, either disabled or normal one, as it is the usual instinct parents need to treat them evenly. So, it is also the special needs kid rights to be identical to the healthy youngsters in terms of education and not to be separated in private organizations. Additionally, parents of the special needs youngsters should provide them with an extra support, because involving them in private institutes such as schools will not be enough for the disabled people. In view of legislation, it is understandable to suppose that parents would favor this inclusion; nevertheless, more recently, the pendulum seems to be swinging back towards the persistence of special schools over the mainstreaming. In England, for instance, Kent contends Lady Warnock thinks “the idea of inclusion was ‘the most disastrous legacy’ of her 1978 report,” and advocates “an immediate evaluation of SEN provision and suspension of the shutting of the special schools” (Kent 30).
One way or another, the last five decades have seen crucial alterations in the education of people with special learning needs. Lots of positive advances have been evolved in educating these kids, with special needs youngsters obtaining more learning opportunities. Pupils with special needs have benefited from the legislative initiatives, with options for the education needs becoming more efficient, and the families obtaining more significant contribution. While students will at all times experience learning troubles, they today have greater opportunities and input into learning options that most efficiently address children’s needs (Dyson 24-29).
Educational technology, various gadgets, and computers may be prevailing instruments for assisting kids with special needs. Computers may assist the kids with attention deficit disorders concentrate effectively on the learning tasks and may also assist autistic people by enhancing the interactions with other students as they utilize computers together. Assistive technology today is quite promising. It comprises adaptive instruments, which assist special needs students to learn and perform assignments better in the daily life (Kauchak, Eggen, Carter 390). Adaptations to computers may help kids who have harsh physical problems or those who can not interact with a usual computer unless some changes have been made.
Adaptations to the computer input devices comprise hardware variations like trackballs, voice-controlled devices, touch screens, and special keyboards may help kids with special physical needs and make gadgets and technology more available to them. Visually impaired people may utilize voice activated machines or Braille keyboards to input data. There are also special equipment and gadgets created to help deaf learners; captioned video with subtitles helps deaf students follow the rest of the class whilst watching educational videos, and when educators incorporate hypermedia presentations into the lessons like Powerpoint, deaf kids may review the material at another time if required.
In order to know somebody, you must begin by getting to know the character and features before you judge them. When it comes to individuals with some disabilities, people usually judge them before they know anything about them. There is a national fear for those with disabilities as they are treated in a different way, and it is significant to me that we have to assist in supporting a shift for greater respect and recognition in the national community and schools.
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Special needs people should not have to struggle for parity, but they do. Therefore, they have managed to produce a basic challenge to the methods they have been thought about. The major accomplishment was social identification that disability is an issue of discrimination not merely of kindness and care that was included into legislation: the Disability Discrimination Act. There is less isolation of disabled human beings from the normal society. In fact, voluntary organizations for disabled individuals are nowadays led by disabled individuals. They are today capable to select their care by efficiently set packages. Fundamental alterations have also been made to the methods health professionals are trained in relation to the special needs. All these alterations have happened as the outcome of strength of disabled people, not due to their weakness. Yet researches have shown special needs, individuals have to pass through a huge quantity of dissimilar troubles till they are accepted and still have more problems to overcome as the years pass.